A large number of pedestrians are getting killed in traffic accidents each year. As we know, pedestrian accidents are more severe than other types of accidents. A review of pedestrian crash data shows that most the crashes occur while the pedestrian was crossing the road. In spite the pedestrian facilities provided, crashes involving pedestrians still occur. The pattern of pedestrian behaviour when crossing the road is depending on various factors such as traffic conditions, location of signalised intersections and the phasing of traffic signals. All these factors are pedestrian exposure to risk in relation to pedestrian crossing behaviour.
The main objective of this study is to determine the impact of waiting time towards pedestrian crossing behaviour at signalised intersection. Besides that, this study was conducted to identify the factors that influence the behaviour of pedestrians while crossing the signalised intersection. In addition, this study will look at how these factors will affect the compliance of pedestrian towards pedestrian signals.
Observation study was conducted through video recording in order to observe the pedestrian waiting time and behaviour while crossing the intersection. Ten (10) signalised intersection located in Klang Valley area was selected to conduct this study. Data collection for each selected signalised intersection was conducted by digital video camera recording on weekdays during peak hours and off-peak hours. A total of 5,286 pedestrians were observed. Among the variables recorded from the observation are pedestrian gender, a way of crossing, age group, pedestrian waiting time before crossing the intersection, the volume of pedestrian and some other variables. Using data from the observation, pedestrian behaviour database has been established.
From the observation made, study shows that the variables such being male, female, different group of age, waiting time and the way of crossing affect the proportion of violations. In addition, a pedestrian can be categorised into two (2); pedestrian who will wait at the roadside before crossing; and a pedestrian who will immediately cross the intersection after arrived at the roadside. However, through the observations made, both of these situations involve pedestrians that comply and also failed to comply with pedestrian signals. Supposedly, the pedestrian has to wait for green man phase before crossing and that green man phase is related to traffic signal cycle length. But, the results show that most of the pedestrian did not follow the pedestrian signals. Therefore, it can be concluded that the traffic condition is one of the factors that influence the pedestrian behaviour in making decision before deciding to cross the intersection, not due to long waiting time during red-man phase.