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Research Reports

MRR 244: The Impact Of Waiting Time Towards Pedestrian Crossing Behaviour At Signalised Intersection

A large number of pedestrians are getting killed in traffic accidents each year. As we know, pedestrian accidents are more severe than other types of accidents. A review of pedestrian  crash data shows that most the crashes occur while the pedestrian was crossing the road. In spite the pedestrian facilities provided, crashes involving pedestrians still occur. The pattern of pedestrian behaviour when crossing the road is depending on various factors such as traffic conditions, location of signalised intersections  and  the  phasing  of  traffic  signals.  All  these  factors  are  pedestrian exposure to risk in relation to pedestrian crossing behaviour.
The main objective of this study is to determine the impact of waiting time towards pedestrian crossing behaviour at signalised intersection. Besides that, this study was conducted to identify the factors that influence the behaviour of pedestrians while crossing  the signalised  intersection.  In addition,  this study will look at how these factors will affect the compliance of pedestrian towards pedestrian signals.
Observation study was conducted through video recording in order to observe the pedestrian waiting time and behaviour while crossing the intersection. Ten (10) signalised  intersection  located  in  Klang  Valley  area  was  selected  to  conduct  this study.  Data collection  for each selected  signalised  intersection  was conducted  by digital video camera recording on weekdays during peak hours and off-peak hours. A total of 5,286 pedestrians were observed. Among the variables recorded from the observation are pedestrian gender, a way of crossing, age group, pedestrian waiting time  before  crossing  the  intersection,  the  volume  of pedestrian  and  some  other variables. Using data from the observation, pedestrian behaviour database has been established.  

From  the  observation  made,  study  shows  that  the  variables  such  being  male, female, different group of age, waiting time and the way of crossing affect the proportion of violations. In addition, a pedestrian can be categorised into two (2); pedestrian who will wait at the roadside before crossing; and a pedestrian who will immediately cross the intersection after arrived at the roadside. However, through the observations  made,  both  of these  situations  involve  pedestrians  that  comply and also failed to comply with pedestrian signals. Supposedly, the pedestrian has to wait for green man phase before crossing and that green man phase is related to traffic signal cycle length. But, the results show that most of the pedestrian did not follow  the  pedestrian   signals.  Therefore,   it  can  be  concluded   that  the  traffic condition  is one of the factors that influence  the pedestrian  behaviour  in making decision  before  deciding  to  cross  the  intersection,  not  due  to  long  waiting  time during red-man phase.

MRR 244 The impact of waiting time towards pedestrian at signalised intersection.pdf
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