The OPS Hari Raya Aidilfitri 2016 conducted is an annual integrated event to increase awareness and enhance compliance with traffic regulations among road users. The interventions include increased enforcement, speed reduction on certain roads, banning of heavy vehicles and increase the dosage of road safety information.
The dosage of road safety information shows an increasing the percent of information on road safety during the OPS period compared to before OPS. Road users were also more exposed towards news and information on road safety during OPS compared to before OPS. Social media shows the top source of information compared to traditional media (television, radio and newspaper).
In relation towards enforcement, several studies are conducted which includes compliance to helmet wearing among motorcyclist, compliance to seatbelt wearing among drivers and vehicle passengers, perception towards enforcement and usage of child restraint system in travelling vehicles. From the observation conducted to measure the compliance rate of helmet wearing, it shows that more riders wear a helmet during the enforcement period. Proper wearing rate (proper strapping when using a helmet) is also seen during the OPS period.
As for compliance to seatbelt wearing, the study shows that front passengers and rear passengers are respectively 0.930 and 0.641 times less likely to wear a seatbelt during OPS than after OPS. As an overall, seatbelt wearing rate for all type of occupants increased after OPS compared to during OPS. The comparison of wearing rate between these OPS with the previous OPS revealed that the wearing rate among drivers and front passengers increased while the rear passengers’ wearing rate decreased for these OPS.
The perception study towards enforcement is a continuation of previous studies on perception towards traffic enforcement conducted before and during Hari Raya Aidilfitri 2016. The results revealed that more people perceived that they were likely to get summoned for committing most of the traffic offences during OPS compared to before OPS. Visibility of enforcement activity was also higher in the period during OPS than before.
Although Malaysia has not regulated any law on the use of child restraint system (CRS) in travelling vehicles, the study is conducted to determine CRS usage among children 0 to 12 years old while travelling in vehicles before and during OPS Hari Raya 2016. The overall use of CRS is extremely low before and during the period of OPS.
Another strategy conducted is to manage the speed of road users along the federal and state roads throughout Malaysia by a 10 km/h reduction of the posted speed limit. However, operating speeds at 85th percentile revealed and overall speed of more than 90 km/h during OPS despite recording a reduction in the 85th percentile speed. In contrast, the speed limit compliance is higher before OPS than during OPS, which can be contributed to the lowering of the speed limit by 10 km/h during OPS period.
In terms of traffic volume on the road, trip origin Home is higher on Saturday and Monday before Hari Raya Aidilfitri whereas trip origin from hometown was high on Friday, Saturday and Sunday after Hari Raya Aidilfitri. Although banning of heavy vehicles is enforced during the OPS period, the traffic volume is still present.