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Research Reports

MRR 255: Awareness Automated Safety System (AwAS) For Red Light Running: After Four Years Of Its Implementation

Automated   Enforcement   System   (AES)  namely   Red  Light  Camera   (RLC)  is  an intervention  to curb red light running. It is defined as a technical recording device that is triggered automatically  when a violation occurs, so that information  of the offending driver is recorded, making it easier to identify the vehicle for the purpose to sanction owner or driver. Four intersections  with a high rate of accidents were selected as observation sites. After four (4) years of implementation and the system has been renamed to AwAS (Awareness Automated Safety System), debates are still arising whether the installation is beneficial and whether they have improved safety or merely acted as a revenue generator to Malaysia, as some alleged from the start. Having  those  questions  in mind,  this  study  aims  to  evaluate  whether  AES  is still effective  in reducing  red light  running  violations.  With  the reduction  of red light running incidence, the likelihood of crashes to happen will also reduce.
In general,  the study  showed  an overall  reduction  in violation  rate two (2) years after  installation  with  2.16%  as  compared  to  before  installation  (4.29%)  before being on the rise four (4) years after with 3.82%. Motorcycles held the position as the highest contributor  in violation rate, whereas cars and other types of vehicles recorded almost similar violation rate. Perak stated higher violation rate than Kuala Lumpur before installation  with 5.19% as compared  to Kuala Lumpur with 3.71%; before switching to Kuala Lumpur is the higher violator for after two (2) years and after  (4)  four  years.  Drivers  ran  the  red  light  more  often  during  off-peak  hours  with 4.67% as compared to during peak hours with 3.91% for before installation, which then changed to more violations during peak hours (two (2) years after: 3.10% and four  (4)  years  after:  5.30%)  as  compared  to  off-peak  hours  (two  (2)  years  after: 1.40%  and  four  (4)  years  after:  2.65%).  As  for  the  type  of  day,  weekdays  showed  a higher  violation  rate  with  4.30%  before,  2.86%  two  (2)  years  after  and  4.63%  after four  (4)  years  than  weekends  with  4.29%  before,  1.40%  two  (2)  years  after  and 2.80% after four (4) years.
Those issues mentioned in the 1st paragraph have led to revising the amount of fine and  many  unsettled  summonses.  This  initiative  has  created  an  opportunity  and attitude for drivers to ignore their summonses since previous traffic offenders that have to pay the full fine will feel unfair. This could explain the increase in violation trend starting from two (2) years after implementation.

(FA)_MRR No 255_AWAS_V6_310718.pdf
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